Governments are increasingly looking to better understand climate change in terms of its significance, extent and options to adapt to a changing climate. There is an increase demand to find solutions by relying on the use of risk-based decision tools, climate change scenarios, risk and vulnerability assessments and adaptation strategies to address climate change challenges.
In response ClimAction Services routinely employs decision tools, web-based tools such as the Climate Change Hazards Information Portal, developed by Risk Sciences International (RSI) and adaptive management approaches.
The Decision-support System relies on a risk-based approach to facilitate strategic decision making in an open, transparent and consistent manner to establish and compare priorities by:
Evaluating direct and indirect impacts of various climatic hazards.
Ranking their significance (i.e. magnitude, scope and extent of impacts).
Assessing costs and benefits (i.e. cost of inaction).
Assigning numerical values to establish priorities, set program directions and determine a future course of action.
The system will integrate information and data from a number of approaches, tools and models to inform decisions on priorities and future directions including the Climate Change Hazards Information Portal (CCHIP) and adaptive management.
Climate Change Hazards Information Portal
Tool Output Support
CCHIP Projection of future trendseach hazard (e.g., climate change Identification of risk, vulnerabilities and threats from climate change to
scenarios) using indices and threshold on parameters most inform the development of adaptation strategies (e.g., drought - water
relevant to the clients needs. conservation and irrigation practices).
Forensic analysis (post incident reporting) of significant The development of standard operating procedures, codes and management
impacts to isolate the specific climate hazard(s) responsible. practices to respond to extreme hazards to prevent similar impacts in the future.
An adaptive management approach has proven to be highly effective in reducing climate change impacts. The six steps in adaptive management include:
* Assessing Risks – Understand the risk and vulnerabilities to determine the potential impacts of climate hazards (in terms of low, medium and high risk).
* Developing adaptation plans - Tailored plans are developed to address specific threats to protect the industry.
* Implement the adaptation plans – Plans are put into action.
* Monitor the changes in means and extremes of weather/climate.
* Evaluate the performance of the adaptation measures during significant weather/climate events and/or trends. Document and analyze impacts and changes.
* Adjust the adaptation approach - If measures are not adequate, they should be re-designed accordingly.